A01 Virology and immunology

Human immunodeficiency virus type one (HIV-1) is the main causative agent of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) that has led to approximately 40 million deaths of infected people by the end of 2017. To date, despite the introduction of combination antiretroviral treatment (also referred as HAART, or highly active antiretroviral therapy) since 1996, HIV-1 pandemic continues to grow with 36.9 million people currently living with the virus. To win the war against HIV/AIDS, it is essential to understand the history of HIV/AIDS and the latest development in the area of virology and immunology.