We thank HIV services at Integrated Treatment Centre, Special Medical Service of Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Infectious Disease Clinic of Prince of Wales Hospital, and Princess Margaret Hospital for their support, without which, this Manual would not have been published. Expertise from the following specialist institutions has been sought in the development of the Manual: Department of Microbiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong; AIDS Institute, Department of Microbiology, Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, The University of Hong Kong; Social Hygiene Service, Special Preventive Programme, Tuberculosis and Chest Service, Public Health Laboratory Centre, Department of Health Centre for Health protection, Hong Kong SAR Government; Department of Medicine, Department of Paediatrics, Queen Elizabeth Hospital; Department of Medicine and Geriatrics, Princess Margaret Hospital.

For specific chapters, Professor Robert J Wilkinson, University of Cape Town is acknowledged for granting permission to use 2 tables from his manuscript for Box 17.2 and 17.3 in Chapter C17. Authors of previous editions of the HIV Manual are thanked for the ground work that this current edition is founded on. Readers of the previous editions have offered us comments, contributing to improvement of the contents in this current edition.

Declaration of interests was declared by Dr Grace Lui, who has served as advisory committee member for Gilead Sciences, Merck, Sanofi Pasteur and Vii; Dr SS Lee has served as Advisory Board member for Gilead Sciences, GSK and MSD, and received Gilead grant for educational activities.

Production of the soft copy of this Manual, the online version, and the mobile
phone applications (Apps) is sponsored by the AIDS Trust Fund (Project code:
MSS293R) in 201. We thank research and administration staff of Stanley Ho Centre
for Emerging Infectious Diseases for supporting the preparation of the Manual’s
drafts. Ms Mandy Li is thanked for proofreading the near-final versions of the

Finally we are indebted to our HIV patients in Hong Kong, who over the years, have helped us focus on issues of practical importance, which are in fact the building blocks of this Manual. Their contributions have realised our vision of a practice manual on HIV/AIDS for Hong Kong.

The Project Team
HIV Manual 4th Edition
Fall 2019