Introduction Candidiasis is caused by fungi of the Candida species that encompasses infections ranging from non-life-threatening mucocutaneous disorders to invasive diseases involving any organ system. Candida species represents a common human commensal on the skin and mucous membranes. Such colonisation does not otherwise cause infection in healthy persons unless the host defense mechanisms are impaired. […]
MBChB, FHKAM(Medicine), FHKCP
Dr LAM is a Specialist in Infectious Disease who has been taking care of HIV/AIDS patients since 2002. He is currently an Associate Consultant of the AIDS Clinical Service, Department of Medicine, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Hong Kong.
Background and epidemiology Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a potentially fatal demyelinating disease caused by JC virus (JCV), a human double-stranded DNA virus of the polyoma family. Primary infection occurs during late childhood and the infection is usually asymptomatic. More than 85% of adults have detectable antibody to JCV indicating previous exposure. The virus remains […]